DIVERSITY OF LIFE
SYNOPTIC DESCRIPTION OF THE PHYLUM DELTAPROTEOBACTERIA
|The following description comes mainly from Margulis and Schwartz (1998), Barnes (1984), Brock et al. (1994), and Tudge (2000).|
|I. SYNONYMS: δ-proteobacteria, sulfate-reducing bacteria, bdellovibrios, and the gliding bacteria.|
II. PHYLUM CHARACTERISTICS:
Cell Wall: Gram-.
Motility: Non-motile or motile, the myxobacteria move by gliding over surfaces.
O2 Tolerance: Strice anaerobes or aerobes. No facultatively anaerobic taxa.
Substrates: They metabolize simple to complex organic compounds as heterotrophs.
Products: Terminal electron acceptors include Oxygen (for the aerobes) to sulfur, sulfate and small organics. Thus, the anoxic taxa typically reduce sulfate to a variety of sulfur compounds. Almost all metabolize organic sources to carbon dioxide.
C. Other: Very diverse group of bacteria.
D. Ecology: Free-living in soils and aquatic sediments.
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By Jack R. Holt. Last revised: 02/18/2013